Frequency-of-use-of-glucometers-and-new-technology-applications-among-the-aware-patients-with-diabetes-studied.

Diabetes patients’ perspective on new technologies used in the management of diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Research questionnaire

This questionnaire is intended for patients with diabetes in Saudi Arabia. It aims to measure patients’ perspectives on the new technologies used to manage diabetes and measure their satisfaction with these technologies.

• Participation is optional.

• Your details are strictly confidential once you complete the questionnaire.

Demographic Information (Personal Information)

Age: ………………

Sex:

1. Woman.

2. Husband.

Nationality:

1. Saudi Arabia.

2. Non-Saudi.

Education level:

1. Not receiving the traditional education.

2. Primary/secondary education.

3. Secondary education.

4. University and higher education.

Activity:

1. Apprentice.

2. Employed.

3. Unemployed.

4. Student or healthcare worker.

Income Status:

1. High income (>20,000/month).

2. Interim income (10,000-20,000/month).

3. Low income (<10,000/month).

Residence:

1. Madinah al-Munawarah.

2. Makkah Al-Mukaramah.

3. Riyadh.

4. Jeddah.

5. Taif.

6. Damm.

7. Others.

Health information

What type of diabetes do you have?

1. Diabetes Mellitus – Type 1

2. Diabetes Mellitus – Type 2

3. Gestational Diabetes.

4. I don’t know.

If you have type 2 diabetes mellitus, do you use insulin injection for the treatment?

1. Yes.

2. No.

When were you diagnosed with diabetes?

1. Less than a year.

2. 1-5 years.

3. 6-10 years.

4. More than 10 years.

Do you know your hemoglobin A1c test (HbA1c)?

1. Yes

2. No

What is your hemoglobin A1c value?

1. Less than 6.5%.

2. 6.5-7.5%.

3. 7.6-8.5%.

4. More than 8.5%.

Glucometer

It is a device used to check the level of glucose in the blood using a drop of blood taken with a finger prick, placed on the strip of the device, read with the meter and the result of the sugar level in the blood is taken.

Do you use a glucometer?

1. Yes.

2. No.

How did you first hear about glucometer?

1. Responsible physician.

2. Television.

3. Magazine/newspaper.

4. Social media.

5. A friend/relative/associate.

6. Others: ……

Would you recommend/recommend your glucometer to a friend or colleague?

1. Absolutely not.

2. Probably not.

3. Not sure.

4. Probably.

5. Absolutely

How long have you used glucometer?

1. Less than a month.

2. 1 to 6 months.

3. 6 months to a year.

4. More than a year.

Do you still use the glucometer until now?

1. Yes.

2. No.

Did you get a glucometer from the hospital or health center for free, or did you buy it at your own expense?

1. Yes, I got it from the hospital or health center.

2. No, I bought it at my own expense.

Do you get the glucometer strips regularly and for free from the hospital or health center, or do you buy them at your own expense?

1. Yes, I got it from the hospital or health center.

2. No, I bought it at my own expense.

New technologies used in diabetes management

How well do you know the new technologies used to treat diabetes, such as: [continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), insulin pump, mobile applications, flash glucose monitoring (FGM)]†

1. Never heard of it.

2. I know, but have never used them.

3. I use them sometimes.

4. I use them regularly.

Why didn’t you use any of the new technologies? (you can choose more than one option)

1. Cost.

2. Complicated and difficult to use.

3. Not available.

4. Others: …..

If you are willing to use any of these new technologies in the future, which one will be used? (you can choose more than one option)

1. CGM.

2. Insulin pump.

3. Mobile Phone Applications.

4. FGM.

5. Nothing.

Continuous glucose monitoring

It is a device that measures glucose levels every few minutes using a sensor (needle), which is inserted under the skin (usually in the abdominal wall or arm).

Do you/have you used continuous glucose monitoring before?

1. Yes.

2. No.

How did you first hear about CGM?

1. Responsible physician.

2. Television.

3. Magazine/newspaper.

4. Social media.

5. A friend/relative/associate.

6. Others: ……

Do you recommend/recommend CGM to a friend or colleague?

1. Absolutely not.

2. Probably not.

3. Not sure.

4. Probably.

5. Absolutely

How long have you been using CGM?

1. Less than a month.

2. 1 to 6 months.

3. 6 months to a year.

4. More than a year.

Are you still using CGM until now?

1. Yes.

2. No.

Flash glucose monitoring

It is a device used to monitor glucose levels using flash technology in which glucose levels are measured in the interstitial fluid under the skin by placing a sensor on the arm skin, and the readings are obtained by scanning with the specified device or by some mobile devices without the need for a jab.

Do you use/have you used FGM before?

1. Yes.

2. No.

How did you first hear about FGM?

1. Responsible physician.

2. Television.

3. Magazine/newspaper.

4. Social media.

5. A friend/relative/associate.

6. Others: ……

Do you recommend/recommend FGM to a friend or colleague?

1. Absolutely not.

2. Probably not.

3. Not sure.

4. Probably.

5. Absolutely

How long have you used FGM?

5. Less than a month.

6. 1 to 6 months.

7. 6 months to a year.

8. More than a year.

Do you still use FGM up to now?

1. Yes.

2. No.

insulin pump

It is a small pump that contains an insulin reservoir and an insulin delivery tube, which ends with a thin plastic needle that is inserted under the skin; to automatically deliver certain amounts of insulin in the reservoir to the body.

Do you use/have you used an insulin pump before?

1. Yes.

2. No.

How did you first hear about the insulin pump?

1. Responsible physician.

2. Television.

3. Magazine/newspaper.

4. Social media.

5. A friend/relative/associate.

6. Others: ……

Would you recommend/recommend an insulin pump to a friend or colleague?

1. Absolutely not.

2. Probably not.

3. Not sure.

4. Probably.

5. Absolutely

How long have you been using the insulin pump?

1. Less than a month.

2. 1 to 6 months.

3. 6 months to a year.

4. More than a year.

Have you used an insulin pump until now?

1. Yes.

2. No.

Mobile Phone Applications

These are useful applications and programs for patients with diabetes that help them monitor blood sugar levels, remind them of medication time, or help them calculate and choose the foods they eat to maintain their calorie count so that they can better manage their health.

Do you/have you used CGM before?

1. Yes.

2. No.

For what purpose do you use applications on your mobile phone for the treatment of diabetes?

1. Food applications.

2. Physical activity applications.

3. Glucose Monitoring Applications.

4. Insulin Measurement Applications.

5. Insulin Delivery Applications.

How did you first hear about cell phone applications for diabetes treatment?

1. Responsible physician.

2. Television.

3. Magazine/newspaper.

4. Social media.

5. A friend/relative/associate.

6. Others: ……

Would you recommend/recommend cell phone applications for diabetes treatment to a friend or colleague?

1. Absolutely not.

2. Probably not.

3. Not sure.

4. Probably.

5. Absolutely

How long have you been using applications on your mobile phone to treat diabetes?

1. Less than a month.

2. 1 to 6 months.

3. 6 months to a year.

4. More than a year.

Are you still using applications on your mobile phone for diabetes treatment?

1. Yes.

2. No.

Items to measure patient satisfaction Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree totally disagree
I am completely satisfied with my diabetes treatment.
My treatment method is easy and convenient.
I am confident in managing diabetes.
I’m not worried about hypoglycemia
I’m not worried about hyperglycemia


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